It is estimated that there are at least 5,000 species of roses in the world, e.g. the Damask rose (Rosa damascena) and the centifolia rose (Rosa centifolia). The original homeland of rose is Persia, i.e. the territory of today's Iran and Syria. Nowadays, it is also grown in warmer climates of the world, such as China, France, Turkey, Bulgaria, Morocco, India, Italy and Tunisia. The world's largest exporters of rose essential oil are Turkey, Bulgaria, Iran, Morocco, India and China.
Rose essential oil is produced by steam distillation. 60,000 petals are needed for 30 ml of essential oil. 1 hectare of land is suitable for growing 3.5-5 tons of roses, the end result of which is 1 kg of rose essential oil. The flowers are picked by hand before sunrise and steamed the same day.
The rose is a very popular plant, not only because of the beauty of its flowers, but also because of its wonderful, sensual, intense rose scent. Countless books could be written with its history, since it goes back to ancient times. Roses were found among 32-million-year-old geological remains, and even more than 3,000 years ago, they were already called the queen of flowers.
In the history of mankind, the rose has been a symbol of poetry, painting and love, as well as a tool of medicine, since the beginning of culture. There are many legends and stories associated with roses. In Roman mythology, Venus was depicted standing out of the foam with a rose in her hand. In ancient mythology, Aphrodite, the goddess of love, once wanted to help Adonis, and in the process injured his finger with the thorn of a rose. His blood stained the rose petals red.
According to another legend, the rosebush in the Garden of Eden was still a plant with smooth stems and grew thorns after Adam and Eve were expelled from Paradise. In ancient times, the rose was synonymous with trust. During the old, strictly secret negotiations, the walls were decorated with rosaries, hence the Latin expression SUB ROSA "under the rose", that is, they are handled confidentially.
The magical, beneficial effects of rose essential oil on our health and skin
Rose essential oil strengthens the immune system, protects against infections, and protects the body as a maximum shield. It also has an excellent effect on aging skin, has an anti-inflammatory effect, soothes redness and sensitive skin. It helps our skin regenerate, cleans and disinfects. It alleviates the symptoms of psoriasis, dermatitis and eczema. It has an excellent skin softening and moisturizing effect, especially on mature skin, and helps with all skin inflammations.
In addition to all this, it helps digestion and reduces nausea. A boon for migraines and headaches. Regulates monthly bleeding, reduces unpleasant symptoms of menopause. Relieves gum inflammation, improves conjunctival inflammation. It calms emotions, dissolves inhibitions, turns gloom into serenity, relieving anxiety.
It reduces tension, calms the nerves, helps eliminate feelings of disappointment, jealousy, and resentment. It encourages love, helps overcome the emotional causes of frigidity and impotence. It is non-toxic, non-irritating and non-sensitizing. And even more than that! We could continue the list for long lines, since it is almost never possible to get to the end of the list of beneficial effects of rose essential oil.
Due to its medicinal effect and magical, intoxicating scent, it is still used in many perfumes and cosmetics, just as in many of our products.